Canine silica urolithiasis. Risk factors, detection, treatment, and prevention.

Carl A Osborne, F. Jacob, Jody P Lulich, M. J. Hansen, C. Lekcharoensul, L. K. Ulrich, L. A. Koehler, K. A. Bird, L. L. Swanson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Uroliths containing 70% or greater silica comprise approximately 1% of the canine uroliths submitted to the Minnesota Urolith Center. Male dogs are far more commonly affected than females. In our series, 84 different breeds were affected. Currently available data suggest dietary factors play a role in their formation. Diagnosis is facilitated by the characteristic jackstone configuration of silica uroliths, but must be confirmed by quantitative analysis. Voiding urohydropropulsion or surgery are currently the most practical methods of removal of silica uroliths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-230, xiii
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999

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