Canine calcium oxalate urolithiasis: Case-based applications of therapeutic principles

J. P. Lulich, C. A. Osborne, C. Lekcharoensuk, T. A. Allen, Y. Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The case study presented here illustrates the diagnosis and management of calcium oxalate urolithiasis in a Bichon Frise, a breed at increased risk for this type of stone. If the Bichon Frise had persistent hypercalcemia, we would have evaluated serum concentrations of ionized calcium, parathyroid hormone, and vitamin D to identify an underlying cause. Because his urine was alkaline, additional potassium citrate was not provided. Likewise, as a fortified diet was fed to him, vitamin B6 therapy was not considered. This case study illustrates the benefits of radiographic evaluation immediately following surgery and during follow-up examinations. If we had postponed radiographs until the patient developed clinical signs, additional surgical procedures may have been required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-139
Number of pages17
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999


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