Canine and feline nephrolithiasis: Epidemiology, detection, and management

S. J. Ross, C. A. Osborne, J. P. Lulich, D. J. Polzin, L. K. Ulrich, L. A. Koehler, K. A. Bird, L. L. Swanson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

40 Scopus citations


Calcium oxalate (39%) and struvite (33%) were the predominant mineral types in canine nephroliths submitted to the Minnesota Urolith Center. Urate salts (12%) and calcium phosphate (2%) occurred less frequently. Provided they are not causing obstruction, struvite nephroliths may be dissolved with medical protocols. Although there are no dissolution protocols for nephroliths containing calcium, risk-benefits ratios should be considered before proceeding with surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-250
Number of pages20
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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