Can We Assess Blood Alcohol Levels of Attendees Leaving Professional Sporting Events?

Darin J. Erickson, Traci L. Toomey, Kathleen M. Lenk, Gunna R. Kilian, Lindsey E A Fabian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We measured blood alcohol content (BAC) levels of attendees at professional sporting events and assessed the factors associated with higher BACs. Methods: We conducted BAC tests of 362 adult attendees following 13 baseball games and three football games. We ran multivariate analyses to obtain factors associated with the risk of having a higher BAC. Results: In this assessment, 40% of the participants had a positive BAC, ranging from 0.005 to 0.217. Those who reported tailgating before the event had 14 times the odds of having a BAC>0.08 and those under age 35 had nearly 8 times the odds of having a BAC>0.08 (both compared to a zero BAC). Attendees of Monday night football games were more likely to have positive BACs compared to attendees at all other games. Conclusions: We found that it is feasible to assess BAC levels of attendees at professional sporting events. Our findings suggest that a significant number of attendees at professional sporting events may have elevated BAC levels, particularly young adults and those who participated in tailgating activities. Further research using a representative sample is warranted to confirm the findings from this preliminary study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-694
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Blood Alcohol Content
  • Policy
  • Sports
  • Stadium

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