Can 'good science' come from unethical research?

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2 Scopus citations


Nazi Germany endorsed unimaginable biological atrocities while simultaneously conducting aggressive and effective health-related campaigns against smoking and cancer. These and other apparent contradictions provide excellent case studies that can be used to demonstrate the complex interactions of science, governmental policies, and ethics. The ability of good science to coexist with ethical laxity emphasises the importance of moral vigilance in science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-175
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
• Funding for the Institute for Tobacco Hazards Research came from a grant application written by Gauleiter Fritz Sauckel, the man who organised Germany's forced-labour system. Sauckel, who fought the spread of smoking because he believed that it would weaken German workers, also pres-sured German tobacco manufacturers to convert their facto-ries to non-smoking industries. After the war, Sauckel was convicted at Nuremberg of crimes against humanity and hanged on October 1, 1946.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Cancer
  • Ethics
  • Germany
  • Nazis
  • Tobacco


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