Can ecosystems be healthy? Critical consideration of concepts

P. Calow

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    69 Scopus citations


    Health, it is argued, implies that a system has an optimum state that can be defended. For organisms and populations this can be understood objectively and generally in terms of neo-Darwinian principles. Similar reasoning cannot be applied to ecosystems. The possible advantages and difficulties of applying this concept of health to ecosystems are critically considered.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1-5
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Aquatic Ecosystem Health
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Mar 1 1992


    • analogy
    • control
    • fitness
    • optimization
    • teleology


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