Objective: To examine changes in parental report of the home food environment during the course of a garden-based fruit and vegetable (FV) intervention for grade school children. Methods: Self-administered pre-post surveys were completed by parents/caregivers (n = 83). Main outcome measures included: child asking behavior, FV availability/accessibility, parental encouragement, and value of FV consumption. Results: Process evaluation results indicate children shared their garden experiences at home, and as a result, the children's home food environment became increasingly supportive of FV consumption. Parents reported an increase (P<.01) in the frequency that their child asked for FVs. Parental value for FV consumption also improved (P<.01), as did home availability of fruit (P<.05), vegetables (P<.001), and parental encouragement of FVs (P =.06). Conclusions and Implications: Community-based interventions that provide activities to engage parents may provide added benefit by improving the home food environment.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank all YMCA staff, especially Jennifer Nelson, Robin Chambers, Brad Hak, and Brenda Kulow-King, whose support made the garden possible; Steps to a Healthier Rochester and Jo Anne Judge Dietz for continued guidance and financial support; and Master Gardener Pat Mack, who volunteered numerous hours working in the garden and with the children and who donated all the seeds and plants for the garden. The authors also thank the children and parents for their willingness to complete the surveys, and the community of Rochester. Support for this project came from the JB Hawley Student Research Award . The lead author (SH) was supported in part by the Leadership Education in Adolescent Health (LEAH) Fellowship Training grant award T71-MC00006 (P.I. -Resnick, University of Minnesota) from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB), Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) .
- Eating behavior
- Food habits
- Social environment