The calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) in the distal nephron decreases the propensity for calcium stones. Here we investigate if the apical CaSR in the proximal tubule also prevents stone formation acting via regulation of apical dicarboxylate and citrate transport. Urinary citrate, partially reabsorbed as a dicarboxylate in the proximal tubule lumen, inhibits stone formation by complexing calcium. We previously demonstrated a novel apical calcium-sensitive dicarboxylate transport system in OK proximal tubule cells. This calcium-sensitive process has the potential to modulate the amount of citrate available to complex increased urinary calcium. Using isotope labeled succinate uptake in OK cells along with various pharmacologic tools we examined whether the CaSR alters apical dicarboxylate transport and through which signal transduction pathways this occurs. Our results indicate that in the proximal tubule CaSR adjusts apical dicarboxylate transport, and does so via a CaSR → Gq → PKC signaling pathway. Thus, the CaSR may decrease the propensity for stone formation via actions in both proximal and distal nephron segments.
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Acknowledgements This work was supported by NIH/NIDDK RO1 DK095879 to Dr. Hering-Smith.
- Dicarboxylate transport
- Proximal tubule