Calcineurin inhibitors in HLA-identical living related donor kidney transplantation

Priya Verghese, Ty B Dunn, Srinath Chinnakotla, Kristin J. Gillingham, Arthur J Matas, Michael Mauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundGiven the nephrotoxicity of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs), we asked whether their addition improved living related donor (LRD) human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical kidney transplant recipient outcomes.MethodsWe performed a comprehensive literature review and a single-center study comparing patient survival (PS) and graft survival (GS) of LRD HLA-identical kidney transplants for three different immunosuppression eras: Era 1 (up to 1984): anti-lymphocyte globulin (ALG) induction and maintenance immunosuppression with prednisone and azathioprine (AZA) (n = 114); Era 2a (1984-99): CNI added; evolution from ALG to thymoglobulin; AZA to mycophenolate (n = 262). Era 2b (1999-2011): rapid discontinuation of prednisone (thymoglobulin induction, CNI and mycophenolate) in recipients having first or second transplant and not previously on prednisone (n = 77).ResultsDemographics differed by era: recipient (P < 0.0001) and donor age (P < 0.0001) increased and the proportion of Caucasian donors (P = 0.02) and recipients (P = 0.003) decreased with each advancing era. There was no significant difference in PS (P = 0.6); cause of death (P = 0.5); death-censored GS (P = 0.8) or graft loss from acute rejection by era. Graft loss from chronic allograft nephropathy (P = 0.02) and hypertension (P = 0.005) were greater in the CNI eras. There were no significant differences in the 1/creatinine slopes between eras for the first (P = 0.6), second (P = 0.9) or >2 years post-transplant (P = 0.4). Literature review revealed no clear benefits for CNI in these human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical LRD graft recipients.ConclusionsThis study confirmed that there are no benefits of CNIs for HLA-identical LRD recipients. Moreover, we did find evidence of potential harm. Thus, monotherapy or early discontinuation of CNI should be given consideration in these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 27 2014

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Living Donors
HLA Antigens
Kidney Transplantation
Prednisone
Transplants
Globulins
Azathioprine
Immunosuppression
Lymphocytes
Kidney
Graft Survival
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Maintenance
Survival

Keywords

  • HLA identical
  • calcineurin inhibitors
  • cyclosporine
  • renal transplant
  • tacrolimus

Cite this

Calcineurin inhibitors in HLA-identical living related donor kidney transplantation. / Verghese, Priya; Dunn, Ty B; Chinnakotla, Srinath; Gillingham, Kristin J.; Matas, Arthur J; Mauer, Michael.

In: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, Vol. 29, No. 1, 27.01.2014, p. 209-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BackgroundGiven the nephrotoxicity of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs), we asked whether their addition improved living related donor (LRD) human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical kidney transplant recipient outcomes.MethodsWe performed a comprehensive literature review and a single-center study comparing patient survival (PS) and graft survival (GS) of LRD HLA-identical kidney transplants for three different immunosuppression eras: Era 1 (up to 1984): anti-lymphocyte globulin (ALG) induction and maintenance immunosuppression with prednisone and azathioprine (AZA) (n = 114); Era 2a (1984-99): CNI added; evolution from ALG to thymoglobulin; AZA to mycophenolate (n = 262). Era 2b (1999-2011): rapid discontinuation of prednisone (thymoglobulin induction, CNI and mycophenolate) in recipients having first or second transplant and not previously on prednisone (n = 77).ResultsDemographics differed by era: recipient (P < 0.0001) and donor age (P < 0.0001) increased and the proportion of Caucasian donors (P = 0.02) and recipients (P = 0.003) decreased with each advancing era. There was no significant difference in PS (P = 0.6); cause of death (P = 0.5); death-censored GS (P = 0.8) or graft loss from acute rejection by era. Graft loss from chronic allograft nephropathy (P = 0.02) and hypertension (P = 0.005) were greater in the CNI eras. There were no significant differences in the 1/creatinine slopes between eras for the first (P = 0.6), second (P = 0.9) or >2 years post-transplant (P = 0.4). Literature review revealed no clear benefits for CNI in these human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical LRD graft recipients.ConclusionsThis study confirmed that there are no benefits of CNIs for HLA-identical LRD recipients. Moreover, we did find evidence of potential harm. Thus, monotherapy or early discontinuation of CNI should be given consideration in these patients.",
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AU - Verghese, Priya

AU - Dunn, Ty B

AU - Chinnakotla, Srinath

AU - Gillingham, Kristin J.

AU - Matas, Arthur J

AU - Mauer, Michael

PY - 2014/1/27

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N2 - BackgroundGiven the nephrotoxicity of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs), we asked whether their addition improved living related donor (LRD) human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical kidney transplant recipient outcomes.MethodsWe performed a comprehensive literature review and a single-center study comparing patient survival (PS) and graft survival (GS) of LRD HLA-identical kidney transplants for three different immunosuppression eras: Era 1 (up to 1984): anti-lymphocyte globulin (ALG) induction and maintenance immunosuppression with prednisone and azathioprine (AZA) (n = 114); Era 2a (1984-99): CNI added; evolution from ALG to thymoglobulin; AZA to mycophenolate (n = 262). Era 2b (1999-2011): rapid discontinuation of prednisone (thymoglobulin induction, CNI and mycophenolate) in recipients having first or second transplant and not previously on prednisone (n = 77).ResultsDemographics differed by era: recipient (P < 0.0001) and donor age (P < 0.0001) increased and the proportion of Caucasian donors (P = 0.02) and recipients (P = 0.003) decreased with each advancing era. There was no significant difference in PS (P = 0.6); cause of death (P = 0.5); death-censored GS (P = 0.8) or graft loss from acute rejection by era. Graft loss from chronic allograft nephropathy (P = 0.02) and hypertension (P = 0.005) were greater in the CNI eras. There were no significant differences in the 1/creatinine slopes between eras for the first (P = 0.6), second (P = 0.9) or >2 years post-transplant (P = 0.4). Literature review revealed no clear benefits for CNI in these human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical LRD graft recipients.ConclusionsThis study confirmed that there are no benefits of CNIs for HLA-identical LRD recipients. Moreover, we did find evidence of potential harm. Thus, monotherapy or early discontinuation of CNI should be given consideration in these patients.

AB - BackgroundGiven the nephrotoxicity of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs), we asked whether their addition improved living related donor (LRD) human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical kidney transplant recipient outcomes.MethodsWe performed a comprehensive literature review and a single-center study comparing patient survival (PS) and graft survival (GS) of LRD HLA-identical kidney transplants for three different immunosuppression eras: Era 1 (up to 1984): anti-lymphocyte globulin (ALG) induction and maintenance immunosuppression with prednisone and azathioprine (AZA) (n = 114); Era 2a (1984-99): CNI added; evolution from ALG to thymoglobulin; AZA to mycophenolate (n = 262). Era 2b (1999-2011): rapid discontinuation of prednisone (thymoglobulin induction, CNI and mycophenolate) in recipients having first or second transplant and not previously on prednisone (n = 77).ResultsDemographics differed by era: recipient (P < 0.0001) and donor age (P < 0.0001) increased and the proportion of Caucasian donors (P = 0.02) and recipients (P = 0.003) decreased with each advancing era. There was no significant difference in PS (P = 0.6); cause of death (P = 0.5); death-censored GS (P = 0.8) or graft loss from acute rejection by era. Graft loss from chronic allograft nephropathy (P = 0.02) and hypertension (P = 0.005) were greater in the CNI eras. There were no significant differences in the 1/creatinine slopes between eras for the first (P = 0.6), second (P = 0.9) or >2 years post-transplant (P = 0.4). Literature review revealed no clear benefits for CNI in these human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical LRD graft recipients.ConclusionsThis study confirmed that there are no benefits of CNIs for HLA-identical LRD recipients. Moreover, we did find evidence of potential harm. Thus, monotherapy or early discontinuation of CNI should be given consideration in these patients.

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