α-Synuclein, a natively unfolded protein aggregation which is implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and several other neurodegenerative diseases, is known to interact with a great number of unrelated proteins. Some of these proteins, such as β-synuclein and DJ-1, were shown to inhibit α-synuclein aggregation in vitro and in vivo therefore acting as chaperones. Since calbindin-D28K is co-localized with Ca2+ neuronal membrane pumps, and since α-synuclein is also found in the membrane proximity, these two proteins can potentially interact in vivo. Here we show that calbindin-D28K interacts with α-synuclein and inhibits its fibrillation in a calcium-dependent manner, therefore potentially acting as a calcium-dependent chaperone.
- Intrinsically disordered protein
- Parkinson's disease