C-Morse: Cross-technology communication with transparent Morse coding

Zhimeng Yin, Wenchao Jiang, Song Min Kim, Tian He

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

89 Scopus citations


Recent research on CTC (cross-technology communication) demonstrates the viability of direct coordination among heterogeneous devices (e.g., WiFi and ZigBee) with incompatible physical layers. Although encouraging, current solutions suffer from either severe inefficiency in channel utilization or low throughput using limited beacons. To address these limitations, this paper presents C-Morse, which leverages all traffic (such as through data packets, beacons and other control frames) to achieve a high cross-technology communication throughput. The key idea of C-Morse is to slightly perturb the transmission timing of existing WiFi packets to construct recognizable radio energy patterns without introducing noticeable delays to upper layers. At the receiver side, ZigBee captures such patterns by sensing the RSSI value, and then decodes the transmitted symbols. C-Morse also introduces a novel timing-based multiplexing technique to allow the coexistence of multiple C-Morse access points and reject other interference, showing a reliable symbol delivery ratio. As a result, C-Morse achieves a free side-channel, whose CTC throughput is as much as 9 χ of the present state of the art, while maintaining the through traffic within a negligible delay that goes unnoticed by applications and end-users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationINFOCOM 2017 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781509053360
StatePublished - Oct 2 2017
Event2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, INFOCOM 2017 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: May 1 2017May 4 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X


Other2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, INFOCOM 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements: This work was supported in part by US NSF Grant CNS-1525235 and CNS-1444021. We sincerely thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable feedback and suggestions.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IEEE.


Dive into the research topics of 'C-Morse: Cross-technology communication with transparent Morse coding'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this