We introduce a novel, online method to predict pedestrian trajectories using agent-based velocity-space reasoning for improved human-robot interaction and collision-free navigation. Our formulation uses velocity obstacles to model the trajectory of each moving pedestrian in a robot's environment and improves the motion model by adaptively learning relevant parameters based on sensor data. The resulting motion model for each agent is computed using statistical inferencing techniques, including a combination of ensemble Kalman filters and a maximum-likelihood estimation algorithm. This allows a robot to learn individual motion parameters for every agent in the scene at interactive rates. We highlight the performance of our motion prediction method in real-world crowded scenarios, compare its performance with prior techniques, and demonstrate the improved accuracy of the predicted trajectories. We also adapt our approach for collision-free robot navigation among pedestrians based on noisy data and highlight the results in our simulator.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research is supported in part by the ARO (contract W911NF-10-1-0506), the NSF (awards 0917040, 0904990, 100057 and 1117127) and Intel.
© The Author(s) 2014.
- Collision avoidance
- Multi-agent simulation
- Trajectory prediction