Bromodeoxyuridine Labeling and Flow Cytometric Identification of Replicating Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cells: Lengths of Cell Cycle Phases and Population Variability at Specific Cell Cycle Positions

Bruce S. Dien, Friedrich Srienc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

An immunofluorescent staining procedure has been developed to identify, with flow cytometry, replicating cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae after incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) into the DNA. Incorporation of BrdUrd is made possible by using yeast strains with a cloned thymidine kinase gene from the herpes simplex virus. An exposure time of 4 min to BrdUrd results in detectable labeling of the DNA. The BrdUrd/DNA double staining procedure has been optimized and the flow cytometry measurements yield histograms comparable to data typically obtained for mammalian cells. On the basis of the accurate assessment of cell fractions in individual cell cycle phases of the asynchronously growing cell population, the average duration of the cell cycle phases has been evaluated. For a population doubling time of 100 min it was found that cells spend in average 41 min in the replicating phase and 24 min in the G2+M cell cycle period. Assuming that mother cells immediately reenter the S phase after cell division, daughter cells spend 65 min in the G1 cell cycle phase. Together with the single cell fluorescence parameters, the forward‐angle light scattering intensity (FALS) has been determined as an indicator of cell size. Comparing different temporal positions within the cell cycle, the determined FALS distributions show the lowest variability at the beginning of the S phase. The developed procedure in combination with multiparameter flow cytometry should be useful for studying the kinetics and regulation of the budding yeast cell cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-298
Number of pages8
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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