A broadband adaptive beamforming approach based on the concept of signal-subspace alignment is formulated and contrasted with the conventional approach. The proposed method involves a preprocessor that focuses the signal spaces at different frequencies to a common one and a narrowband beamformer following the preprocessor. The merits that result as a consequence are partial adaptivity due to single frequency weights and decorrelation of coherent signals thus combating signal cancellation. The latter effect is studied by deriving expressions for the desired-signal distortion in a minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) beamformer and analyzing them. Implementation issues of the preprocessor are addressed. Simulation results confirm the utility of the focusing preprocessor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems|
|State||Published - Jan 1994|