Broadband enhancement of on-chip single photon extraction via tilted hyperbolic metamaterials

Lian Shen, Xiao Lin, Mikhail Shalaginov, Tony Low, Xianmin Zhang, Baile Zhang, Hongsheng Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A fundamental building block for on-chip quantum photonics is a single-photon source with high repetition rates, which can enable many applications such as high-speed quantum communication and quantum information processing. Ideally, such single photon sources would then require a large on-chip photon extraction decay rate, namely the rate of excited photons coupled into nanofibers or waveguides, over a broad spectral range. However, this goal has remained elusive till date. Here we propose a feasible scheme to enhance the on-chip photon extraction decay rate of quantum emitters, through the tilting of the optical axis of hyperbolic metamaterials with respect to the end-facet of nanofibers. Importantly, the revealed scheme is applicable to arbitrarily orientated quantum emitters over a broad spectral range, e.g., up to ~80 nm for visible light. The underlying physics relies on the emerging unique feature of hyperbolic metamaterials if their optical axis is judiciously tilted. That is, their supported high-k (i.e., wavevector) hyperbolic eigenmodes, which are intrinsically confined inside them if their optical axis is un-tilted, can now become momentum-matched with the guided modes of nanofibers, and more importantly, they can safely couple into nanofibers almost without reflection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Mar 28 2020

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