Bringing up condom use and using condoms with new sexual partners: Intentional or habitual?

Marco C. Yzer, Frans W. Siero, Bram P. Buunk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


A prospective study of 94 Dutch adults who have casual sexual partners examined whether two important aspects of safe sex, namely bringing up condom use (BCU) and actual condom use (ACU) are intentional or habitual. For each of these aspects, a model based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB: Ajzen, 1991) was pitted against a similar model that was extended with a path from past to later BCU and ACU, respectively. The results suggest that bringing up the issue of condom use was equally predicted by intentions and past BCU. However, among people with casual partners, using condoms - and more importantly not using condoms - was especially predicted by past ACU, suggesting a strong habitual component. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for safe sex education and the use of theories in safe sex promotion campaigns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-421
Number of pages13
JournalPsychology and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the Dutch Foundation for STD Control for their collaboration and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this manuscript. Preparation of this manuscript was supported by grant 95.016 from the Dutch “Zorgonderzoek Nederland”.


  • Habitual behaviour
  • STD prevention
  • Safe sex
  • Theory of planned behaviour


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