Brief Component Analysis to Identify the Active Variable in the Maintenance of Tolerance for Delay of Reinforcement Intervention for an Adolescent with Autism

Mo Chen, Jennifer J. McComas, Joe E. Reichle, Jonathan A. Bergmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study adopted a brief component analysis to examine the active variable in a tolerance for delay of reinforcement (TFD) intervention procedure to decrease tangible-maintained problem behavior for a male adolescent with autism. Antecedent-based functional analysis suggested that problem behavior occurred most when access to tangible items or activities was restricted. With the introduction of a TFD intervention procedure using a combination of a general delay cue and an explicit delay cue, the learner’s problem behavior decreased to a low level and he quickly learned to wait for access to preferred items for 10 min with no problem behavior. Two weeks after the learner met the mastery criterion, a component analysis was conducted through a brief ABA withdrawal design, to separate the relative contributions of the general delay cue and the explicit delay cue in the maintenance of the TFD intervention. The combination of general and explicit delay cues resulted in low levels of problem behavior and higher toleration of delays to reinforcement relative to the general delay cue alone. Implications and limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-404
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Component analysis
  • Explicit delay cue
  • General delay cue
  • Tolerance for delay of reinforcement

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