Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar

John Clifton-Brown, Antoine Harfouche, Michael D. Casler, Huw Dylan Jones, William J. Macalpine, Donal Murphy-Bokern, Lawrence B. Smart, Anneli Adler, Chris Ashman, Danny Awty-Carroll, Catherine Bastien, Sebastian Bopper, Vasile Botnari, Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel, Zhiyong Chen, Lindsay V. Clark, Salvatore Cosentino, Sue Dalton, Chris Davey, Oene Dolstra & 39 others Iain Donnison, Richard Flavell, Joerg Greef, Steve Hanley, Astley Hastings, Magnus Hertzberg, Tsai Wen Hsu, Lin S. Huang, Antonella Iurato, Elaine Jensen, Xiaoli Jin, Uffe Jørgensen, Andreas Kiesel, Do Soon Kim, Jianxiu Liu, Jon P. McCalmont, Bernard G McMahon, Michal Mos, Paul Robson, Erik J. Sacks, Anatolii Sandu, Giovanni Scalici, Kai Schwarz, Danilo Scordia, Reza Shafiei, Ian Shield, Gancho Slavov, Brian J. Stanton, Kankshita Swaminathan, Gail Taylor, Andres F. Torres, Luisa M. Trindade, Timothy Tschaplinski, Gerald A. Tuskan, Toshihiko Yamada, Chang Yeon Yu, Ronald S. Zalesny, Junqin Zong, Iris Lewandowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed-based synthetic populations, semihybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breeding cycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass-scale deployment of PBCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-151
Number of pages34
JournalGCB Bioenergy
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Miscanthus
Panicum virgatum
energy crops
Crops
Biomass
breeding
crop
biomass
cultivar
cultivars
clone
Seed
Genes
informatics
clones
genetic resource
synthetic populations
germplasm
reproductive cycle
breeding methods

Keywords

  • M. sacchariflorus
  • M. sinensis
  • Miscanthus
  • Panicum virgatum
  • Populus spp.
  • Salix spp.
  • bioenergy
  • feedstocks
  • lignocellulose
  • perennial biomass crop

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Clifton-Brown, J., Harfouche, A., Casler, M. D., Dylan Jones, H., Macalpine, W. J., Murphy-Bokern, D., ... Lewandowski, I. (2019). Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar. GCB Bioenergy, 11(1), 118-151. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12566

Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar. / Clifton-Brown, John; Harfouche, Antoine; Casler, Michael D.; Dylan Jones, Huw; Macalpine, William J.; Murphy-Bokern, Donal; Smart, Lawrence B.; Adler, Anneli; Ashman, Chris; Awty-Carroll, Danny; Bastien, Catherine; Bopper, Sebastian; Botnari, Vasile; Brancourt-Hulmel, Maryse; Chen, Zhiyong; Clark, Lindsay V.; Cosentino, Salvatore; Dalton, Sue; Davey, Chris; Dolstra, Oene; Donnison, Iain; Flavell, Richard; Greef, Joerg; Hanley, Steve; Hastings, Astley; Hertzberg, Magnus; Hsu, Tsai Wen; Huang, Lin S.; Iurato, Antonella; Jensen, Elaine; Jin, Xiaoli; Jørgensen, Uffe; Kiesel, Andreas; Kim, Do Soon; Liu, Jianxiu; McCalmont, Jon P.; McMahon, Bernard G; Mos, Michal; Robson, Paul; Sacks, Erik J.; Sandu, Anatolii; Scalici, Giovanni; Schwarz, Kai; Scordia, Danilo; Shafiei, Reza; Shield, Ian; Slavov, Gancho; Stanton, Brian J.; Swaminathan, Kankshita; Taylor, Gail; Torres, Andres F.; Trindade, Luisa M.; Tschaplinski, Timothy; Tuskan, Gerald A.; Yamada, Toshihiko; Yeon Yu, Chang; Zalesny, Ronald S.; Zong, Junqin; Lewandowski, Iris.

In: GCB Bioenergy, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 118-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clifton-Brown, J, Harfouche, A, Casler, MD, Dylan Jones, H, Macalpine, WJ, Murphy-Bokern, D, Smart, LB, Adler, A, Ashman, C, Awty-Carroll, D, Bastien, C, Bopper, S, Botnari, V, Brancourt-Hulmel, M, Chen, Z, Clark, LV, Cosentino, S, Dalton, S, Davey, C, Dolstra, O, Donnison, I, Flavell, R, Greef, J, Hanley, S, Hastings, A, Hertzberg, M, Hsu, TW, Huang, LS, Iurato, A, Jensen, E, Jin, X, Jørgensen, U, Kiesel, A, Kim, DS, Liu, J, McCalmont, JP, McMahon, BG, Mos, M, Robson, P, Sacks, EJ, Sandu, A, Scalici, G, Schwarz, K, Scordia, D, Shafiei, R, Shield, I, Slavov, G, Stanton, BJ, Swaminathan, K, Taylor, G, Torres, AF, Trindade, LM, Tschaplinski, T, Tuskan, GA, Yamada, T, Yeon Yu, C, Zalesny, RS, Zong, J & Lewandowski, I 2019, 'Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar', GCB Bioenergy, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 118-151. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12566
Clifton-Brown, John ; Harfouche, Antoine ; Casler, Michael D. ; Dylan Jones, Huw ; Macalpine, William J. ; Murphy-Bokern, Donal ; Smart, Lawrence B. ; Adler, Anneli ; Ashman, Chris ; Awty-Carroll, Danny ; Bastien, Catherine ; Bopper, Sebastian ; Botnari, Vasile ; Brancourt-Hulmel, Maryse ; Chen, Zhiyong ; Clark, Lindsay V. ; Cosentino, Salvatore ; Dalton, Sue ; Davey, Chris ; Dolstra, Oene ; Donnison, Iain ; Flavell, Richard ; Greef, Joerg ; Hanley, Steve ; Hastings, Astley ; Hertzberg, Magnus ; Hsu, Tsai Wen ; Huang, Lin S. ; Iurato, Antonella ; Jensen, Elaine ; Jin, Xiaoli ; Jørgensen, Uffe ; Kiesel, Andreas ; Kim, Do Soon ; Liu, Jianxiu ; McCalmont, Jon P. ; McMahon, Bernard G ; Mos, Michal ; Robson, Paul ; Sacks, Erik J. ; Sandu, Anatolii ; Scalici, Giovanni ; Schwarz, Kai ; Scordia, Danilo ; Shafiei, Reza ; Shield, Ian ; Slavov, Gancho ; Stanton, Brian J. ; Swaminathan, Kankshita ; Taylor, Gail ; Torres, Andres F. ; Trindade, Luisa M. ; Tschaplinski, Timothy ; Tuskan, Gerald A. ; Yamada, Toshihiko ; Yeon Yu, Chang ; Zalesny, Ronald S. ; Zong, Junqin ; Lewandowski, Iris. / Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar. In: GCB Bioenergy. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 118-151.
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AU - Harfouche, Antoine

AU - Casler, Michael D.

AU - Dylan Jones, Huw

AU - Macalpine, William J.

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AU - Smart, Lawrence B.

AU - Adler, Anneli

AU - Ashman, Chris

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AU - Hastings, Astley

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AU - Huang, Lin S.

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AU - Kim, Do Soon

AU - Liu, Jianxiu

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AU - McMahon, Bernard G

AU - Mos, Michal

AU - Robson, Paul

AU - Sacks, Erik J.

AU - Sandu, Anatolii

AU - Scalici, Giovanni

AU - Schwarz, Kai

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AU - Slavov, Gancho

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AU - Swaminathan, Kankshita

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AU - Torres, Andres F.

AU - Trindade, Luisa M.

AU - Tschaplinski, Timothy

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AB - Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed-based synthetic populations, semihybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breeding cycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass-scale deployment of PBCs.

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KW - M. sinensis

KW - Miscanthus

KW - Panicum virgatum

KW - Populus spp.

KW - Salix spp.

KW - bioenergy

KW - feedstocks

KW - lignocellulose

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