Concentrations of in situ-produced cosmogenic 10Be (T(1/2) = 1.5 Myr) were measured using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) in quartz samples from three Brazilian lateritic systems in order to characterize and quantify processes involved in their development. Results from a bedrock-embedded quartz vein outcropping at Gentio do Ouro lead to a calculated mean erosion rate of 2.5 m Myr-1 for a muon participation to the total 10Be production set at 1.5%. At Itaberaba, the 10Be content of the surficial sample yields a mean erosion rate of 9.0 ± 0.5 m Myr-1. In addition, the systematic increase in 10Be concentrations of 'stone-line' quartz with distance from the quartz vein strongly suggests an autochthonous development. The data constrain a model of 'stone-line' emplacement and imply a rate of lateral displacement on the order of 70 m Myr-1. By contrast, the constant 10Be concentration measured within the rounded quartz cobbles all along the Cuiaba 'stone-line' suggests that it most likely results from almost contemporaneous rapid events that occurred at least 500 Kyr ago. The proposed scenario involves sheet washing at the surface of the lateritic paleolandscape leading to surficial dispersion of allochthonous quartz cobbles immediately followed by colluvial deposition of weathered lateritic material.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank J. Lestringuez and D. Deboffle for their continuing expertise in AMS measurements. Fieldwork was made possible with the help of the logistic support of the São Paolo ORSTOM Centre, the Federal University of Bahia at Gentio do Ouro and the Federal University of Mato Groso at Cuiaba. This work was supported by INSU-CNRS through the DBT Program Thème 1: `Fleuves et érosion'. Tandétron operation is supported by the CNRS, CEA and IN2P3. [MK]
- Erosion rates