During the past decade, embolization techniques for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) have undergone significant refinements. Advances in microcatheters, microwires, and embolic materials have improved the efficacy and safety of embolization techniques. AVM embolization requires a well-conceived strategy that incorporates the overall treatment goal for a specific AVM. An intimate knowledge of the devices, materials, and nuances involved in AVM embolization is requisite to safe and effective treatment. Close collaboration among neurointerventionists, radiosurgeons, microvascular neurosurgeons, intensivists, and neurologists is needed to ensure balanced decision making in terms of AVM treatment in general and AVM embolization in particular.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Dr Bernard Bendok and Dr Elad I. Levy received funding from the AANS/CNS Joint Section on Cerebrovascular Surgery Mullan Neuroendovascular Surgery Award. Dr. Ricardo Hanel receives funding through a Traveling Fellowship from the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.
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