We propose a bootstrap technique for generating pseudo-samples from survival data containing censored observations. This simulation selects a survival time with replacement from the data and then assigns a covariate according to the model of proportional hazards. We also develop a constrained bootstrap technique in which every pseudo-sample has the same distribution of covariate values as does the original, observed data. We use these simulation techniques to estimate the bias and variance of regression coefficients and to approximate the significance levels of goodness-of-fit statistics for testing the assumption of the proportional hazards model.
- Survival analysis