Bone resorption in dogs with calcium oxalate urolithiasis and idiopathic hypercalciuria

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8 Scopus citations


People with calcium oxalate (CaOx) urolithiasis and idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH) often have evidence of increased bone resorption, but bone turnover has not previously been investigated in dogs with these conditions. The aim of this study was to determine whether a marker of bone resorption, β-crosslaps, differs between dogs with CaOx urolithiasis and IH compared to controls. This retrospective, cross-sectional study used a canine specific ELISA to measure β-crosslaps concentrations in stored frozen serum samples from 20 dogs with CaOx urolithiasis and IH and 20 breed-, sex-, and age-matched stone-free controls (18 Miniature Schnauzers, 14 Bichons Frise, and 8 Shih Tzus). Dogs with CaOx urolithiasis and IH had lower β-crosslaps concentrations relative to controls (P =.0043), and β-crosslaps had a moderate negative correlation with urinary calcium-to-creatinine ratios (r = −0.44, P =.0044). Miniature Schnauzers had lower β-crosslaps concentrations than the other two breeds (P =.0035). The ELISA had acceptable intra-assay precision, but concentrations decreased when samples were repeatedly assayed over time. Assay recovery rates were also below acceptance criteria. In conclusion, Miniature Schnauzers, Bichons Frise, and Shih Tzus with CaOx urolithiasis and IH have evidence of decreased bone resorption compared to stone-free controls. This suggests that other causes of IH, such as intestinal hyperabsorption of calcium, underlie risk for CaOx urolithiasis in these breeds. Results should be confirmed in larger populations and with other β-crosslaps assays and additional biomarkers of bone turnover. The stability of canine serum β-crosslaps after freeze-thaw cycles and storage at various temperatures requires investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalResearch in veterinary science
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Aaron Rendahl for statistical support. Partial support for EF was provided by the Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health (NIH) under award number K01-OD019912 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Bone resorption
  • Calcium oxalate
  • Dogs
  • Hypercalciuria
  • Urolithiasis


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