Bone-density testing interval and transition to osteoporosis in older women

Margaret L. Gourlay, Jason P. Fine, John S. Preisser, Ryan C. May, Chenxi Li, Li Yung Lui, David F. Ransohoff, Jane A. Cauley, Kristine E. Ensrud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

155 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although bone mineral density (BMD) testing to screen for osteoporosis (BMD T score, -2.50 or lower) is recommended for women 65 years of age or older, there are few data to guide decisions about the interval between BMD tests. METHODS: We studied 4957 women, 67 years of age or older, with normal BMD (T score at the femoral neck and total hip, -1.00 or higher) or osteopenia (T score, -1.01 to -2.49) and with no history of hip or clinical vertebral fracture or of treatment for osteoporosis, followed prospectively for up to 15 years. The BMD testing interval was defined as the estimated time for 10% of women to make the transition to osteoporosis before having a hip or clinical vertebral fracture, with adjustment for estrogen use and clinical risk factors. Transitions from normal BMD and from three subgroups of osteopenia (mild, moderate, and advanced) were analyzed with the use of parametric cumulative incidence models. Incident hip and clinical vertebral fractures and initiation of treatment with bisphosphonates, calcitonin, or raloxifene were treated as competing risks. RESULTS: The estimated BMD testing interval was 16.8 years (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.5 to 24.6) for women with normal BMD, 17.3 years (95% CI, 13.9 to 21.5) for women with mild osteopenia, 4.7 years (95% CI, 4.2 to 5.2) for women with moderate osteopenia, and 1.1 years (95% CI, 1.0 to 1.3) for women with advanced osteopenia. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that osteoporosis would develop in less than 10% of older, postmenopausal women during rescreening intervals of approximately 15 years for women with normal bone density or mild osteopenia, 5 years for women with moderate osteopenia, and 1 year for women with advanced osteopenia. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-233
Number of pages9
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume366
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2012

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Bone-density testing interval and transition to osteoporosis in older women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Gourlay, M. L., Fine, J. P., Preisser, J. S., May, R. C., Li, C., Lui, L. Y., Ransohoff, D. F., Cauley, J. A., & Ensrud, K. E. (2012). Bone-density testing interval and transition to osteoporosis in older women. New England Journal of Medicine, 366(3), 225-233. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1107142