Body map image coding to support wearable design for skin-to-skin contact

Crystal Compton, Abigail Clarke-Sather, Jessica L. Ridgway, Lindsay Naylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


People place tools on their bodies during daily activities that impact their health and safety. Mapping the locations of this equipment and evaluating the appropriateness of these locations can aid people to achieve their goals. This paper considers the location of equipment, life support systems such as ventilation tubing and intravenous lines, on the human body during kangaroo care in hospitals. Kangaroo care (KC) is skin-to-skin contact between infants and adult caregivers, which dramatically improves health outcomes for both. This research provides information useful for design to support safe KC in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Assessment of 100 images from a Google Image search conducted on May 19, 2021, using the search text ‘NICU kangaroo care tubes’ was undertaken. An expert NICU nurse verified that tube location followed best practices. This method documents human-body-tool interaction for improved safety and functioning across contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)878-899
Number of pages22
JournalDesign Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Body mapping
  • image analysis
  • kangaroo care
  • user-centered design
  • wearable design


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