Body fat, resting and exercise blood pressure and the angiotensinogen M235T polymorphism: The heritage family study

Tuomo Rankinen, Jacques Gagnon, Louis Pérusse, Treva Rice, Arthur S. Leon, James S. Skinner, Jack H. Wilmore, D. C. Rao, Claude Bouchard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The association of resting and exercise blood pressure (BP) and fat mass with the angiotensinogen (AGT) M235T polymorphism was investigated in 522 sedentary Caucasian subjects from 99 families. Research Methods and Procedures: Resting BP was measured on two separate days, three times each day, and the mean of six valid measurements was used. Exercise BP was measured during a cycle ergometer test at a constant power output (50 W). Body composition was derived from underwater weighing and the AGT M235T polymorphism was typed with a polymerase chain reaction-based method. Results: Neither resting nor exercise BP was associated with the AGT genotypes. In mothers, the homozygotes for the T allele showed 8.8 kg and 7.1 kg greater (p=0.017) age-adjusted body fat mass (FM) than the MM homozygotes and heterozygotes, respectively. Sixty-nine percent of all TT homozygotes were found in the highest FM tertile, whereas only 16% of the MM homozygotes fell in the same tertile (p=0.008). Moreover, a significant interaction was seen between FM and T-allele carrier status in women with regard to resting diastolic BP (p=0.002). Among women with a FM≥24 kg, carriers of the T allele showed a 6.3 mmHg higher diastolic blood pressure (DBP) than noncarriers whereas no difference was found in women with a FM less than 24 kg. A similar trend toward an interaction term was evident with resting systolic blood pressure (p=0.011) and exercise DBP (p=0.012). Body fat was not associated with the AGT polymorphism in fathers or in offspring. Discussion: These data suggest that the AGT M235T polymorphism is associated with body fatness in women, and that the relationship between DBP and AGT M235T polymorphism is dependent on FM in middle-aged sedentary normotensive women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-430
Number of pages8
JournalObesity research
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Fat mass
  • Genetic polymorphism
  • Interaction

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