Body Composition of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division i Female Soccer Athletes through Competitive Seasons

Erica Roelofs, April Bockin, Tyler A Bosch, Jonathan Oliver, Christopher W. Bach, Aaron Carbuhn, Philip R. Stanforth, Donald R. Dengel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine body composition of National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I female soccer players by position and season. One hundred seventy-five female athletes were categorized by positions of forward (n=47), midfielder (n=51), defender (n=57), and goalkeeper (n=20). A dual X-ray absorptiometry scan assessed percent body fat, total lean mass, total fat mass, arm and leg lean mass and fat mass, and visceral adipose tissue. Goalkeepers had significantly higher total, arm, and leg lean mass and fat mass compared to all other positions (p<0.05). For seasonal changes, body fat percentage was significantly higher in winter off-season (26.7%) compared to summer off-season (25.7%) and pre-season (25.8%; p<0.01) for all positions. Total and leg lean mass was significantly lower in winter off-season compared to all other seasons, and total lean mass was significantly higher in summer off-season than pre-season (p<0.01). Overall, goalkeepers were significantly different than all other positions. Body fat percentage increased and lean mass decreased in winter off-season indicating potential undesired changes in training and/or nutrition over the break whereas lean mass was the highest in summer off-season potentially reflecting the emphasis on resistance training and increased volume of training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)766-770
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume41
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Georg Thieme Verlag. All rights reserved.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • dual x-ray absorptiometry
  • lean mass
  • sports
  • visceral adipose tissue

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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