Body Composition and Visceral Adipose Tissue in Female Collegiate Equestrian Athletes

Olivia H. Dengel, Christiana J. Raymond-Pope, Tyler A. Bosch, Jonathan M. Oliver, Donald R. Dengel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

To examine measures of total and regional body composition using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in NCAA Division I collegiate equestrian athletes, 31 female collegiate equestrian athletes were matched to a population of normal controls by age and body mass index. Total and regional fat tissue mass (FM), lean tissue mass (LM), bone mineral density (BMD), and abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were measured by DXA. Equestrian athletes had a significantly (p=0.03) lower total body fat percentage (%fat) than controls. There were no significant differences in total LM and VAT between equestrian athletes and controls. However, equestrian athletes, when compared to the controls, had significantly lower leg %fat, leg FM and higher leg LM. The greater leg LM in equestrian riders resulted in a smaller upper to lower body LM ratio compared to controls. There was no difference in leg BMD between equestrian athletes and controls. There were no significant differences between the 2 styles of riding (i. e., hunt seat and western style) in regards to body composition. The lower total %fat in equestrian athletes seems to be influenced by differences in leg composition, with equestrian athletes having significantly more LM and less FM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-408
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • dual X-ray absorptiometry
  • fat mass
  • muscle mass

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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