BMP compliance monitoring programs in the Eastern United States

Michael A. Kilgore, Paul V. Ellefson, Michael J. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


An important aspect of a best management practices (BMP) program is providing credible information on the extent to which BMPs are being applied within the state. This paper, summarizing the responses of a survey to states about their BMP monitoring program, indicates nearly three of four states in the eastern U.S. have monitoring programs to determine if voluntary or mandatory forest practices are being applied. BMP compliance monitoring programs vary extensively among states in such areas as: the agency(s) responsible for undertaking the monitoring, the types of practices monitored, reasons for establishing the monitoring program, and the frequency and costs of compliance monitoring implementation. The survey found that information from compliance monitoring is used to modify forest practice rules or guidelines, redirect education and training programs, and inform policy makers and the general public of forest practice application rates. Major issues associated with implementing compliance monitoring programs as indicated by the survey include: specifying the types of information to be gathered, selecting harvest sites, accessing private property, determining monitoring responsibility, and reporting and using the information collected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-130
Number of pages12
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution: Focus
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 7 2004


  • Best management practices
  • Forestry
  • Guidelines
  • Monitoring
  • Timber harvesting

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