Blocked semifoldovers of two-level orthogonal designs

Po Yang, Chang Yun Lin, William Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Follow-up experimentation is often necessary to the successful use of fractional factorial designs. When some effects are believed to be significant but cannot be estimated using an initial design, adding another fraction is often recommended. As the initial design and its foldover (or semifoldover) are usually conducted at different stages, it may be desirable to include a block factor. In this article, we study the blocking effect of such a factor on foldover and semifoldover designs. We consider two general cases for the initial designs, which can be either unblocked or blocked designs. In both cases, we explore the relationships between semifoldover of a design and its corresponding foldover design. More specifically, we obtain some theoretical results on when a semifoldover design can estimate the same two-factor interactions or main effects as the corresponding foldover. These results can be important for those who want to take advantage of the run size savings of a semifoldover without sacrificing the ability to estimate important effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-548
Number of pages20
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 22 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to express their sincere thanks to the anonymous referee and the editor for their valuable comments and suggestions which led to significant improvement in the presentation and clarity of the paper. Lin’s research was partially supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan (Grant No. NSC 102-2118-M-005-002). Li’s research was supported by the Research and Teaching Supplements system in Carlson School of Management at the University of Minnesota.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


  • Block factor
  • Foldover
  • Generalized resolution
  • Indicator function
  • Nonregular design
  • Semifoldover


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