Various disease conditions can alter EEG event-related responses and fMRI-BOLD signals. We hypothesized that event-related responses and their clinical alterations are imprinted in the EEG spectral domain as event-related (spatio)spectral patterns (ERSPat). We tested four EEG-fMRI fusion models utilizing EEG power spectra fluctuations (i.e., absolute spectral model - ASM; relative spectral model - RSM; absolute spatiospectral model - ASSM; and relative spatiospectral model - RSSM) for fully automated and blind visualization of task-related neural networks. Two (spatio)spectral patterns (high δ 4 band and low β 1 band) demonstrated significant negative linear relationship ( p FWE < 0.05) to the frequent stimulus and three patterns (two low δ 2 and δ 3 bands, and narrow θ 1 band) demonstrated significant positive relationship ( p < 0.05) to the target stimulus. These patterns were identified as ERSPats. EEG-fMRI F-map of each δ 4 model showed strong engagement of insula, cuneus, precuneus, basal ganglia, sensory-motor, motor and dorsal part of fronto-parietal control (FPCN) networks with fast HRF peak and noticeable trough. ASM and RSSM emphasized spatial statistics, and the relative power amplified the relationship to the frequent stimulus. For the δ 4 model, we detected a reduced HRF peak amplitude and a magnified HRF trough amplitude in the frontal part of the FPCN, default mode network (DMN) and in the frontal white matter. The frequent-related β 1 patterns visualized less significant and distinct suprathreshold spatial associations. Each θ 1 model showed strong involvement of lateralized left-sided sensory-motor and motor networks with simultaneous basal ganglia co-activations and reduced HRF peak and amplified HRF trough in the frontal part of the FPCN and DMN. The ASM θ 1 model preserved target-related EEG-fMRI associations in the dorsal part of the FPCN. For δ 4, β 1, and θ 1 bands, all models provided high local F-statistics in expected regions. The most robust EEG-fMRI associations were observed for ASM and RSSM.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2021 Labounek, Wu, Bridwell, Brázdil, Jan and Nestrašil.
- general linear model
- independent component analysis
- simultaneous EEG-fMRI
- spectral and spatiospectral models
- task-related network visualization
- visual oddball paradigm
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article