With increasing recognition of the complications related to coagulopathies, it is of paramount importance for all orthopedic surgeons to possess a basic knowledge of common bleeding disorders. The evaluation of the coagulopathic patient requires a careful history, physical examination, and laboratory evaluation. Bleeding disorders commonly include quantitative and qualitative platelet and coagulation factor disorders and coagulation inhibitors. The management of these coagulopathies that can be encountered in elective and nonelective practice is often ignored. With appropriate knowledge and a multidisciplinary approach with hematologists and cardiologists, surgeons can perform minor and major orthopedic procedures safely and effectively.