Bld10p, a novel protein essential for basal body assembly in Chlamydomonas: Localization to the cartwheel, the first ninefold symmetrical structure appearing during assembly

Kumi Matsuura, Paul A. Lefebvre, Ritsu Kamiya, Masafumi Hirono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

How centrioles and basal bodies assemble is a long-standing puzzle in cell biology. To address this problem, we analyzed a novel basal body-defective Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutant isolated from a collection of flagella-less mutants. This mutant, bld10, displayed disorganized mitotic spindles and cytoplasmic microtubules, resulting in abnormal cell division and slow growth. Electron microscopic observation suggested that bld10 cells totally lack basal bodies. The product of the BLD10 gene (Bld10p) was found to be a novel coiled-coil protein of 170 kD. Immunoelectron microscopy localizes Bld10p to the cartwheel, a structure with ninefold rotational symmetry positioned near the proximal end of the basal bodies. Because the cartwheel forms the base from which the triplet microtubules elongate, we suggest that Bld10p plays an essential role in an early stage of basal body assembly. A viable mutant having such a severe basal body defect emphasizes the usefulness of Chlamydomonas in studying the mechanism of basal body/centriole assembly by using a variety of mutants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-671
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume165
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 7 2004

Keywords

  • Centriole
  • Centrosome
  • Coiled-coil
  • Flagella
  • Mitotic spindle apparatus

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