Biphasic intra-thoracic pressure regulation augments cardiac index during porcine peritonitis: A feasibility study

Ismail Cinel, Roy D. Goldfarb, Anja Metzger, Keith Lurie, Purnachandra Jasti, Christopher R. Knob, Joseph E. Parrillo, R. Phillip Dellinger

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3 Scopus citations


Preservation of cardiac output (CO) and pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is vital to maintaining tissue oxygenation in sepsis. This feasibility study tested the hypothesis that therapeutic intra-thoracic pressure regulation (tIPR), delivered with a novel device, was designed to non-invasively enhance venous return by creating sub-atmospheric intra-thoracic pressure during the expiratory phase of mechanical ventilation, improves CO without fluid resuscitation in a porcine E. coli peritonitis model of sepsis. Seven pigs were intubated, anaesthetized and instrumented with a Swan-Ganz and femoral artery catheter. After a 30min basal period, a fibrin clot containing 4-5×109 cfu kg-1 E. coli O111.B4 was implanted in the peritoneum. One hour after clot implantation, tIPR was utilized for 30min and then removed from the ventilator circuit for 30min. This tIPR cycle was repeated 4-times. Changes in haemodynamic parameters were calculated by comparing pre-tIPR values to peak values during tIPR administration. Following peritonitis, tIPR significantly increased the peak cardiac index (mean±SEM) (14.8±2.6 vs 7.9±2.3ml kg-1) and mean arterial pressure (10.2±1.5 vs 4.9±1.1mmHg) and simultaneously decreased PAP (-7.7±1.5 vs -2.7±0.8mmHg). These results support the feasibility of the concept that therapeutic application of negative expiratory pressure may provide a non-invasive and complementary approach to increase cardiac output and organ perfusion in the setting of septic shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medical Engineering and Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Dr Cinel is currently Professor of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. Dr Parrillo is currently Chairman, Heart and Vascular Hospital, Hackensack University Medical Center and Professor of Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Hackensack, New Jersey 07601. Dr Jasti currently resides in Hyderabad, India. This work was supported by a grant and the Section of Critical Care, Department of Medicine, Cooper University Hospital together with a National Institute of Health Small Business Innovation Research Award (1R43GM087780-01).


  • Cardiac output
  • E. coli
  • Intra-thoracic pressure regulation
  • Pulmonary artery pressure
  • Sepsis


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