Biorefinery process for production of bioactive compounds and bio-oil from Camellia oleifera shell

Yunpu Wang, Linyao Ke, Qi Yang, Yujie Peng, Yanzhe Hu, Leilei Dai, Lin Jiang, Qiuhao Wu, Yuhuan Liu, Roger Ruan, Guiming Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A biorefinery process was developed in this study to obtain bioactive compounds and bio-oil from Camellia oleifera shells. Four different extraction techniques (water, ethanol, ultrasound-assisted deionized water, and ultrasound-assisted ethanol) were utilized to extract tea saponin and tannin from C. oleifera shells. Results showed that ethanol had better extraction capacity than did deionized water, and ultrasound could promote the dissolution of tannin and tea saponin in solution. The thermogravimetric curves of the samples treated under the four conditions moved toward high temperatures. This phenomenon indicated the thermal stability of the residue was significantly improved. The pretreatment showed a slight effect on the chemical compositions of bio-oil. Specifically, the samples treated with ethanol and ultrasound-assisted deionized water contained higher phenol contents (81.07% and 81.52%, respectively) than the other samples. The content of organic acid decreased with an increase in the phenol content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)190-194
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21766019), The Key Research and Development Program of Jiangxi Province (20171BBF60023), China Scholarship Council (201806820035), Science and Technology Research Project of Jiangxi Province Education Department (No. GJJ150213), Research Project of State Key of Food Science and Technology (SKLF-ZZB-201722).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering. All rights reserved.


  • Bioactive compounds
  • Camellia oleifera shell
  • Pyrolysis behaviors
  • Ultrasound-assisted


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