Biomass production in permanent wet grasslands dominated with phalaris arundinacea: Case study of the trebon basin biosphere reserve, czech republic

H. Čížková, J. Rychterováá, L. Hamadejová, K. Suchý, M. Filipová, J. Květ, Neil O Anderson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phalaris arundinacea is a highly productive perennial grass which inhabits both natural and human-affected wetlands. Along with natural genotypes, there are a number of cultivars bred for fodder production, especially in cool climatic areas. At present P. arundinacea is being investigated as a potential energy crop. Use of seminatural and natural stands of P. arundinacea as an energy resource requires a knowledge of the variation of aboveground biomass production, which forms the agricultural yield. This work gives an overview of long-term investigation of the production of P. arundinacea on various types of natural biotopes. It also presents results of a detailed field experiment assessing the effects of various management (cutting frequency, mulching, fertilizing) on the production of aboveground biomass in a seminatural wetland dominated by P. arundinacea. The results confirm that monodominant stands of P. arundinacea attain a high production in Central Europe. The seasonal maximum of aboveground biomass of natural stands ranged from 4 to 14 metric tonnes dry weight per hectare (t.ha-1) with an average of 9.5 t ha-1. Among the management types, the lowest annual agricultural yield of 4.1 t ha-1 (dry weight) was found in the treatment one cut per year and no fertilization. The maximum yield of 11 t ha-1 was achieved under three cuts per year and fertilization with a double dose of N and single doses of P and K. Two cuts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages1-16
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9783319081779
ISBN (Print)9783319081762
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Phalaris
Phalaris arundinacea
Czech Republic
aboveground biomass
Biomass
biomass production
Wetlands
grasslands
grassland
basins
case studies
Fertilization
biomass
wetland
basin
Weights and Measures
energy crop
mulching
fodder
biotope

Cite this

Čížková, H., Rychterováá, J., Hamadejová, L., Suchý, K., Filipová, M., Květ, J., & Anderson, N. O. (2015). Biomass production in permanent wet grasslands dominated with phalaris arundinacea: Case study of the trebon basin biosphere reserve, czech republic. In The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape (pp. 1-16). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08177-9_1

Biomass production in permanent wet grasslands dominated with phalaris arundinacea : Case study of the trebon basin biosphere reserve, czech republic. / Čížková, H.; Rychterováá, J.; Hamadejová, L.; Suchý, K.; Filipová, M.; Květ, J.; Anderson, Neil O.

The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape. Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 1-16.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Čížková, H, Rychterováá, J, Hamadejová, L, Suchý, K, Filipová, M, Květ, J & Anderson, NO 2015, Biomass production in permanent wet grasslands dominated with phalaris arundinacea: Case study of the trebon basin biosphere reserve, czech republic. in The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape. Springer International Publishing, pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08177-9_1
Čížková H, Rychterováá J, Hamadejová L, Suchý K, Filipová M, Květ J et al. Biomass production in permanent wet grasslands dominated with phalaris arundinacea: Case study of the trebon basin biosphere reserve, czech republic. In The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape. Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 1-16 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08177-9_1
Čížková, H. ; Rychterováá, J. ; Hamadejová, L. ; Suchý, K. ; Filipová, M. ; Květ, J. ; Anderson, Neil O. / Biomass production in permanent wet grasslands dominated with phalaris arundinacea : Case study of the trebon basin biosphere reserve, czech republic. The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape. Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 1-16
@inbook{80f81189fbf74537b683e918c0abff2f,
title = "Biomass production in permanent wet grasslands dominated with phalaris arundinacea: Case study of the trebon basin biosphere reserve, czech republic",
abstract = "Phalaris arundinacea is a highly productive perennial grass which inhabits both natural and human-affected wetlands. Along with natural genotypes, there are a number of cultivars bred for fodder production, especially in cool climatic areas. At present P. arundinacea is being investigated as a potential energy crop. Use of seminatural and natural stands of P. arundinacea as an energy resource requires a knowledge of the variation of aboveground biomass production, which forms the agricultural yield. This work gives an overview of long-term investigation of the production of P. arundinacea on various types of natural biotopes. It also presents results of a detailed field experiment assessing the effects of various management (cutting frequency, mulching, fertilizing) on the production of aboveground biomass in a seminatural wetland dominated by P. arundinacea. The results confirm that monodominant stands of P. arundinacea attain a high production in Central Europe. The seasonal maximum of aboveground biomass of natural stands ranged from 4 to 14 metric tonnes dry weight per hectare (t.ha-1) with an average of 9.5 t ha-1. Among the management types, the lowest annual agricultural yield of 4.1 t ha-1 (dry weight) was found in the treatment one cut per year and no fertilization. The maximum yield of 11 t ha-1 was achieved under three cuts per year and fertilization with a double dose of N and single doses of P and K. Two cuts.",
author = "H. Č{\'i}žkov{\'a} and J. Rychterov{\'a}{\'a} and L. Hamadejov{\'a} and K. Such{\'y} and M. Filipov{\'a} and J. Květ and Anderson, {Neil O}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-08177-9_1",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9783319081762",
pages = "1--16",
booktitle = "The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Biomass production in permanent wet grasslands dominated with phalaris arundinacea

T2 - Case study of the trebon basin biosphere reserve, czech republic

AU - Čížková, H.

AU - Rychterováá, J.

AU - Hamadejová, L.

AU - Suchý, K.

AU - Filipová, M.

AU - Květ, J.

AU - Anderson, Neil O

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Phalaris arundinacea is a highly productive perennial grass which inhabits both natural and human-affected wetlands. Along with natural genotypes, there are a number of cultivars bred for fodder production, especially in cool climatic areas. At present P. arundinacea is being investigated as a potential energy crop. Use of seminatural and natural stands of P. arundinacea as an energy resource requires a knowledge of the variation of aboveground biomass production, which forms the agricultural yield. This work gives an overview of long-term investigation of the production of P. arundinacea on various types of natural biotopes. It also presents results of a detailed field experiment assessing the effects of various management (cutting frequency, mulching, fertilizing) on the production of aboveground biomass in a seminatural wetland dominated by P. arundinacea. The results confirm that monodominant stands of P. arundinacea attain a high production in Central Europe. The seasonal maximum of aboveground biomass of natural stands ranged from 4 to 14 metric tonnes dry weight per hectare (t.ha-1) with an average of 9.5 t ha-1. Among the management types, the lowest annual agricultural yield of 4.1 t ha-1 (dry weight) was found in the treatment one cut per year and no fertilization. The maximum yield of 11 t ha-1 was achieved under three cuts per year and fertilization with a double dose of N and single doses of P and K. Two cuts.

AB - Phalaris arundinacea is a highly productive perennial grass which inhabits both natural and human-affected wetlands. Along with natural genotypes, there are a number of cultivars bred for fodder production, especially in cool climatic areas. At present P. arundinacea is being investigated as a potential energy crop. Use of seminatural and natural stands of P. arundinacea as an energy resource requires a knowledge of the variation of aboveground biomass production, which forms the agricultural yield. This work gives an overview of long-term investigation of the production of P. arundinacea on various types of natural biotopes. It also presents results of a detailed field experiment assessing the effects of various management (cutting frequency, mulching, fertilizing) on the production of aboveground biomass in a seminatural wetland dominated by P. arundinacea. The results confirm that monodominant stands of P. arundinacea attain a high production in Central Europe. The seasonal maximum of aboveground biomass of natural stands ranged from 4 to 14 metric tonnes dry weight per hectare (t.ha-1) with an average of 9.5 t ha-1. Among the management types, the lowest annual agricultural yield of 4.1 t ha-1 (dry weight) was found in the treatment one cut per year and no fertilization. The maximum yield of 11 t ha-1 was achieved under three cuts per year and fertilization with a double dose of N and single doses of P and K. Two cuts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84944533354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84944533354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-08177-9_1

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-08177-9_1

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84944533354

SN - 9783319081762

SP - 1

EP - 16

BT - The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -