Biomass-Derived Butadiene by Dehydra-Decyclization of Tetrahydrofuran

Omar A. Abdelrahman, Dae Sung Park, Katherine P. Vinter, Charles S. Spanjers, Limin Ren, Hong Je Cho, Dionisios G. Vlachos, Wei Fan, Michael Tsapatsis, Paul J. Dauenhauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Catalytic ring-opening dehydration of tetrahydrofuran (THF), itself a product of decarbonylation and reduction of biomass-derived furfural, yields 1,3-butadiene, an important monomer in rubbers and elastomers. It is demonstrated that dehydra-decyclization of THF with phosphorus-containing siliceous self-pillared pentasil (SPP) or MFI structure exhibits high selectivity to butadiene (85-99%) at both low (9%) and high (89%) conversion of THF. High selectivity to pentadiene and hexadiene was also obtained from 2-methyl-tetrahydrofuran and 2,5-dimethyl-tetrahydrofuran, respectively, with phosphorus-containing, all-silica zeolites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3732-3736
Number of pages5
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge support from the Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award number DE-SC0001004.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.


  • Butadiene
  • Dehydration
  • Hexadiene
  • Pentadiene
  • Phosphorus
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Zeolite


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