Biomass-Derived Butadiene by Dehydra-Decyclization of Tetrahydrofuran

Omar A. Abdelrahman, Dae Sung Park, Katherine P. Vinter, Charles S. Spanjers, Limin Ren, Hong Je Cho, Dionisios G. Vlachos, Wei Fan, Michael Tsapatsis, Paul J. Dauenhauer

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Catalytic ring-opening dehydration of tetrahydrofuran (THF), itself a product of decarbonylation and reduction of biomass-derived furfural, yields 1,3-butadiene, an important monomer in rubbers and elastomers. It is demonstrated that dehydra-decyclization of THF with phosphorus-containing siliceous self-pillared pentasil (SPP) or MFI structure exhibits high selectivity to butadiene (85-99%) at both low (9%) and high (89%) conversion of THF. High selectivity to pentadiene and hexadiene was also obtained from 2-methyl-tetrahydrofuran and 2,5-dimethyl-tetrahydrofuran, respectively, with phosphorus-containing, all-silica zeolites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3732-3736
Number of pages5
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2017



  • Butadiene
  • Dehydration
  • Hexadiene
  • Pentadiene
  • Phosphorus
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Zeolite

Cite this

Abdelrahman, O. A., Park, D. S., Vinter, K. P., Spanjers, C. S., Ren, L., Cho, H. J., Vlachos, D. G., Fan, W., Tsapatsis, M., & Dauenhauer, P. J. (2017). Biomass-Derived Butadiene by Dehydra-Decyclization of Tetrahydrofuran. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 5(5), 3732-3736.