Cocaine dependence is one of the most difficult substance use disorders to treat. While the powerful effects of cocaine use on behavior were documented in the 19th century, it was not until the late 20th century that we realized cocaine use was affecting brain tissue and function. Following a brief introduction (Section 1), this chapter will summarize our current knowledge regarding alterations in neural circuit function typically observed in chronic cocaine users (Section 2) and highlight an emerging body of literature which suggests that pretreatment limbic circuit activity may be a reliable predictor of clinical outcomes among individuals seeking treatment for cocaine (Section 3). Finally, as the field of addiction research strives to translate this neuroimaging data into something clinically meaningful, we will highlight several new brain stimulation approaches which utilize functional brain imaging data to design noninvasive brain stimulation interventions for individuals seeking treatment for substance dependence disorders (Section 4).
|Title of host publication
|Imaging the Addicted Brain, 2016
|Natalie M. Zahr, Eric T. Peterson
|Academic Press Inc.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2016
|International Review of Neurobiology
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.
- Brain stimulation
- Functional MRI