Biological fixed film

Md Shahinoor Islam, Fahmida Tumpa, Jinkai Xue, Chunkai Huang, Kusumakar Sharma, Yijing Shi, Yang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Literature published during the year 2013 regarding the use of biofilms and bioreactors to treat water and wastewater is reviewed herein. The review is organized into the following sections: biofilm formation and factors that impact biofilm formation; extracellular polymeric substance and its ertraction from biofilms; biofilm consortia and quorum sensing; biofilm imaging techniques; biofilm carriers and biofilm reactors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1070-1100
Number of pages31
JournalWater Environment Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Biofilm
  • Biofilm reactor
  • Extracellular polymeric substance
  • Pyrosequencing
  • Wastewater

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    Islam, M. S., Tumpa, F., Xue, J., Huang, C., Sharma, K., Shi, Y., & Liu, Y. (2014). Biological fixed film. Water Environment Research, 86(10), 1070-1100.