Biological control of Phytophthora root rots on alfalfa and soybean with Streptomyces

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Abstract

A collection of 53 antibiotic-producing Streptomyces isolated from soils from Minnesota, Nebraska, and Washington were evaluated for their ability to inhibit plant pathogenic Phytophthora medicaginis and Phytophthora sojae in vitro. Eight isolates having the greatest pathogen-inhibitory capabilities were subsequently tested for their ability to control Phytophthora root rots on alfalfa and soybean in sterilized vermiculite and naturally infested field soil. The Streptomyces isolates tested significantly reduced root rot severity in alfalfa and soybean caused by P. medicaginis and P. sojae, respectively (P < 0.05). On alfalfa, isolates varied in their effect on plant disease severity, percentage dead plants, and plant biomass in the presence of the pathogen. The same eight isolates of Streptomyces were also tested for inhibitory activities against each other and against three strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and two strains of Sinorhizobium meliloti isolated from soybean and alfalfa, respectively. Streptomyces isolates clustered into two major compatibility groups: isolates within the same group were noninhibitory toward one another in vitro. The compatibility groups corresponded with groupings obtained based upon inhibition of B. japonicum and S. meliloti strains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-295
Number of pages11
JournalBiological Control
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Antibiosis
  • Biological control
  • Glysine max
  • Medicago sativa

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