Biodiesel production from Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus Tuberosus L.) tuber by heterotrophic microalgae Chlorella protothecoides

Yun Cheng, Wenguang Zhou, Chunfang Gao, Kenneth Lan, Yang Gao, Qingyu Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: As a potential source of biomass, Jerusalem artichoke has been studied for bioethanol production; however, thus far it has not been investigated for the production of other liquid biofuels, such as biodiesel. This work aims to develop a novel approach for biodiesel production from Jerusalemartichoke tuber using heterotrophic microalgae. Results: In this study, Chlorella protothecoides utilized hydrolysate of Jerusalem artichoke tuber as carbon source and accumulated lipid in vivo, with lipid content as high as 44% by drymass, and a carbon source to lipid conversion ratio of about 25% in a 4-day scale cultivation. The lipidswere extracted and then converted into biodiesel by transesterification. Cetane acid methyl ester, linoleic acidmethyl ester and oleic acid methyl ester were the dominating components of the biodiesel produced. Unsaturated fatty acidsmethyl ester constituted over 82% of the total biodiesel content. Conclusion: This work suggests the feasibility of an alternative method of producing biodiesel from Jerusalem artichoke tuber using microalgae cultivation, and a cost reduction of carbon source feed in algal oil production can be expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)777-781
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume84
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Chlorella protothecoides
  • Inulin
  • Jerusalem artichoke
  • Microalgae
  • Transesterification

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