Biocompatible Alginate Film Crosslinked with Ca 2+ and Zn 2+ Possesses Antibacterial, Antiviral, and Anticancer Activities

Alba Cano-Vicent, Alberto Tuñón-Molina, Hamid Bakshi, Roser Sabater i Serra, Iman M. Alfagih, Murtaza M. Tambuwala, Ángel Serrano-Aroca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Alginate is a highly promising biopolymer due to its non-toxic and biodegradable properties. Alginate hydrogels are often fabricated by cross-linking sodium alginate with calcium cations and can be engineered with highly desirable enhanced physical and biological properties for biomedical applications. This study reports on the anticancer, antiviral, antibacterial, in vitro, and in vivo toxicity, water absorption, and compound release properties of an alginate hydrogel crosslinked with calcium and different amounts of zinc cations. The results showed that the calcium alginate hydrogel film crosslinked with the highest amount of zinc showed similar water sorption properties to those of calcium alginate and released a suitable amount of zinc to provide anticancer activity against melanoma and colon cancer cells and has antibacterial properties against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis and antiviral activity against enveloped and non-enveloped viruses. This film is non-toxic in both in vitro in keratinocyte HaCaT cells and in vivo in the Caenorhabditis elegans model, which renders it especially promising for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24396-24405
Number of pages10
JournalACS Omega
Issue number27
StatePublished - Jul 11 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society

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  • Journal Article


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