Biochemical and morphological correlation of oxidant-induced pulmonary injury: Low dose exposure to paraquat, oxygen, and ozone

Mark R. Montgomery, Patrick J. Casey, Andres A. Valls, Manuel G. Cosio, Dennis E Niewoehner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors compared the temporal pattern of low-dose oxidant-induced lung injury in rats after exposure to either 1 ppm ozone or 100% oxygen for 24 hI' or from treatment wi.th paraquat (20 mg/kg, l.ntraperitoneally). Histological abnormalities in airways, parenchyma, and blood vessels were evaluated from coded and randomized sections and compared with appropriate controls. Drug metabolism by lung endoplasmic reticulum was studied in similarly treated rats as another index of Rung injury. Exposure to oxygen caused no discernible morphologic or biochemical abnormalities. Exposure to ozone caused hlsto logical lesions which appeared early and resolved by 7 to 14 days, whereas paraquat-induced lesions were first evident at about 7 to 14 days. Abnormalities in drug metabolism followed a similar pattern. Low-dose oxidant exposure from ozone and paraquat produce similar histological and biochemical lesions in rat lungs but with distinct temporal patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)396-401
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Environmental Health
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1979

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