Bioaccumulation of Dechloranes, organophosphate esters, and other flame retardants in Great Lakes fish

Jiehong Guo, Marta Venier, Amina Salamova, Ronald A. Hites

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We measured the concentrations of 60 flame retardants (and related compounds) in fish samples collected in the Great Lakes basin. These analytes include dechlorane-related compounds (Decs), organophosphate esters (OPEs), and brominated flame retardants (BFRs). Composite lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) or walleye (Sander vitreus, from Lake Erie) samples were collected (N = 3 for each lake) in 2010 from each of the five Great Lakes (a total of 15 samples). Among the dechlorane-related compounds, Dechlorane, Dechlorane Plus, Dechlorane-602, Dechlorane-603, and Dechlorane-604 (with zero to three bromines and with four chlorines) were detected in > 73% of the fish samples. The concentrations of some of these dechlorane-related compounds were 3–10 times higher in Lake Ontario trout than in fish from the other four lakes. Tris(1-chloroisopropyl) phosphate, tri-n-butylphosphate, tris(2-chloroethyl)phosphate, and triphenyl phosphate were found in > 50% of the fish samples. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were the most abundant of the flame retardants in fish, with a mean concentration of 250 ng/g lipid. Our findings suggest that the Decs and BFRs with 3–6 bromines are more bioaccumulative in the fish than the OPEs and high molecular weight BFRs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Atmosphere
  • Dechlorane-related compounds
  • Great Lakes
  • Lake trout
  • Organophosphate esters


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