A sequential two-step fast microwave-assisted pyrolysis (fMAP) for high quality bio-oil production was investigated. In the process, fMAP was followed by catalytic cracking and upgrading using a packed bed catalyst reactor with HZSM-5 as the catalyst. Effects of pyrolysis temperature, catalyst loading, and catalyst bed temperature on the product distribution were investigated. Results showed that maximum bio-oil and aromatic hydrocarbons yields were obtained when pyrolysis temperature reached 550 °C With the increase in the catalyst loading, the bio-oil yield decreased linearly while the aromatic hydrocarbons yield increased. The catalyst bed temperature also has a significant effect on the product chemical profiles. The aromatic hydrocarbons proportion of the bio-oil was found to increase with increasing catalyst bed temperature and reached its maximum of 26.20% at 425 °C. In addition, coke yield increased with increasing catalyst to biomass ratio and decreasing catalyst bed temperature.
- Aromatic hydrocarbons
- Catalytic pyrolysis