Bilateral Multiband 4D Flow MRI of the Carotid Arteries at 7T

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: Simultaneous multislab (SMSb) 4D flow MRI was developed and implemented at 7T for accelerated acquisition of the 3D blood velocity vector field in both carotid bifurcations. Methods: SMSb was applied to 4D flow to acquire blood velocities in both carotid bifurcations in sagittal orientation using a local transmit/receive coil at 7T. B+ 1 transmit efficiency was optimized by B+ 1 shimming. SMSb 4D flow was obtained in 8 healthy subjects in single-band (SB) and multiband (MB) fashion. Additionally, MB data were retrospectively undersampled to simulate GRAPPA R = 2 (MB2_GRAPPA2), and both SB datasets were added to form an artificial MB dataset (SumSB). The band separation performance was quantified by signal leakage. Peak velocity and total flow values were calculated and compared to SB via intraclass correlation analysis (ICC). Results: Clean slab separation was achieved yielding a mean signal leakage of 13% above the mean SB noise level. Mean total flow for MB2, SumSB, and MB_GRAPPA2 deviated less than 9% from the SB values. Peak velocities averaged over all vessels and subjects were 0.48 ± 0.11 m/s for SB, 0.47 ± 0.12 m/s for SumSB, 0.50 ± 0.13 m/s for MB2, and 0.53 ± 0.13 m/s for MB2_GRAPPA2. ICC revealed excellent absolute agreement and consistency of total flow for all methods compared to SB2. Peak velocity showed good to excellent agreement and consistency for SumSB and MB2 and MB2_GRAPPA2 method showed poor to excellent agreement and good to excellent consistency. Conclusion: Simultaneous multislab 4D Flow MRI allows accurate quantification of total flow and peak velocity while reducing scan times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020


  • 4D flow MRI
  • 7 Tesla
  • SMS
  • carotid artery
  • multiband

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Bilateral Multiband 4D Flow MRI of the Carotid Arteries at 7T'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this