Bilateral lateral rhinotomy incisions for medial maxillectomies in the management of pediatric invasive fungal sinusitis

Pramit S. Malhotra, Daniel Danahey, James D Sidman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective To determine if simultaneous, bilateral lateral rhinotomies for medial maxillectomies would result in central skin or bone loss in pediatric patients with invasive fungal disease. Study Design Retrospective chart review. Setting Tertiary care children's hospital. Patients Three children underwent surgery between April 1996 and June 1998. Ages at treatment ranged from 11 to 14 years. All had bilateral, biopsy-proven invasive fungal disease of the lateral walls of the nose. All were undergoing chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) or acute myelocytic leukemia (AML). Intervention Bilateral lateral rhinotomies for medial maxillectomy. Two of 3 also had simultaneous total septectomy. Main Outcome Measure Skin survival and patient survival. Results All three patients had bilateral simultaneous medial maxillectomy for invasive fungal disease in the presence of profound pancytopenia secondary to treatment of leukemia. One patient had minor nasal edema postoperatively, but none showed any loss of the central nasal skin or facial skeleton. All patients survived the invasive fungal disease with follow-up of at least 24 months. All patients underwent multiple debridements after the original surgery, and 3 of 6 eyes had permanent epiphora requiring dacryocystorhinostomies. Conclusions Bilateral simultaneous lateral rhinotomies are safe in children and did not result in any central skin loss. Aggressive bilateral surgery for invasive fungal disease is compatible with a good esthetic outcome and long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1960-1963
Number of pages4
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2001


  • Fungal infections
  • Invasive fungal sinusitis
  • Lateral rhinotomy
  • Medial maxillectomies
  • Pediatric


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