Big five personality traits and common mental disorders within a hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology: A longitudinal study of Mexican-origin youth.

Frank D. Mann, Olivia E. Atherton, Colin G. DeYoung, Robert F. Krueger, Richard W. Robins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study (a) tested whether a structure of common mental disorders within the hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology was invariant from late childhood to adolescence in a sample of Mexican-origin youth, (b) examined the developmental course of psychopathology at different levels of the hierarchy, and (c) tested the degree to which changes in psychopathology were associated with changes in the Big Five personality domains. Results were consistent with the longitudinal hierarchical invariance of common mental disorders from age 12 to 17 (n = 674). Further, initial levels of conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability were positively associated with lower initial levels of a higher order factor of psychopathology, and increases in extraversion and decreases in neuroticism were associated with decreases in a higher order factor of psychopathology, which captured the general tendency for externalizing, internalizing, and attention-hyperactivity-related dimensions of psychopathology to correlate. Results of the present study indicate that a hierarchical model of common mental disorders extends to Mexican-origin youth and that developmental change in Big Five personality are related to developmental change in psychopathology. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) General Scientific Summary—A hierarchical model of common mental disorders has been documented in previous studies. The present study finds that this model extends to Mexican-origin youth. Moreover, results indicate that neuroticism is a developmental risk factor for a general factor of psychopathology. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-787
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Volume129
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
John Templeton Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Psychological Association

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Big Five
  • HiTOP
  • adolescence
  • development
  • psychopathology

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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