Bidirectional influence of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns on health behaviors and quality of life among chinese adults

Xiuqiang Wang, Si Man Lei, Shenglong Le, Yanxiang Yang, Boyi Zhang, Wu Yao, Zan Gao, Sulin Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created challenges that have caused profound changes in health behaviors. This study aimed to explore how COVID-19 is affecting the health-related quality of life (QoL) among Chinese adults. Methods: The data of health-related behaviors and QoL were collected via online surveys from 2289 adults (mean age = 27.8 ± 12 years) who had been isolated at home for an average of 77 days. Results: More than 50% of the respondents reported that their time engaged in daily physical activity (PA) decreased, while sedentary behavior (SB) time increased compared with that before the lockdown. Only 20% of the respondents reported engaging in moderate-to-vigorous PA, 23% of adults reported changed their diets to be healthier, and 30% reported consuming more vegetables, fruits, and milk products than before home-isolation. During home-isolation, 75.2% of the adults rated their sleep quality as very good, and 65% reported that they were satisfied with their QoL. Sleep quality mediated the relationship between PA and QoL. Conclusion: The two-to-three-month home-isolation has had mixed effects on adult health behaviors in China. The participants were found to have focused more on their eating quality and patterns, which had a positive influence on their QoL. However, people should be encouraged to exercise at home with limited space to maintain a generally healthy lifestyle during a prolonged quarantine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5575
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The study was funded by the start-up plan for new young teachers grant (Grant AF4150043) and Zhiyuan Foundation (Grant CP2014013) from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. Acknowledgments: We would like to thank for Huilian Zhu from Sun Yat-sen University and Guangdong Nutrition Society for her generosity of providing their online nutritional survey and for participants for their contribution to the study.

Funding Information:
Funding: The study was funded by the start-up plan for new young teachers grant (Grant AF4150043) and Zhiyuan Foundation (Grant CP2014013) from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Pandemic
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Sleep

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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