Bidirectional associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms from adolescence through early adulthood

Helen Sharpe, Praveetha Patalay, Tse Hwei Choo, Melanie Wall, Susan M. Mason, Andrea B. Goldschmidt, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms are commonly experienced during adolescence and increase the risk of adverse health outcomes, especially eating disorders. However, the dominant temporal associations between these two experiences (i.e., whether one is a risk factor for the other or the two are mutually reinforcing) has yet to be fully explored. We examined the associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms assessed at baseline and 5-and 10-year follow-up in younger (M age = 12.9 years at baseline, 56% female, n = 577) and older (M age = 15.9 years at baseline, 57% female, n = 1,325) adolescent cohorts assessed as part of Project Eating Among Teens and Young Adults. Associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms were examined using cross-lagged models. For females, the dominant directionality was for body dissatisfaction predicting later depressive symptoms. For males, the picture was more complex, with developmentally sensitive associations in which depressive symptoms predicted later body dissatisfaction in early adolescence and early adulthood, but the reverse association was dominant during middle adolescence. These findings suggest that interventions should be tailored to dynamic risk profiles that shift over adolescence and early adulthood, and that targeting body dissatisfaction at key periods during development may have downstream impacts on depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1458
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopment and psychopathology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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Depression
Young Adult
Eating
Health

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Cite this

Bidirectional associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms from adolescence through early adulthood. / Sharpe, Helen; Patalay, Praveetha; Choo, Tse Hwei; Wall, Melanie; Mason, Susan M.; Goldschmidt, Andrea B.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne.

In: Development and psychopathology, Vol. 30, No. 4, 01.10.2018, p. 1447-1458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sharpe, Helen ; Patalay, Praveetha ; Choo, Tse Hwei ; Wall, Melanie ; Mason, Susan M. ; Goldschmidt, Andrea B. ; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne. / Bidirectional associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms from adolescence through early adulthood. In: Development and psychopathology. 2018 ; Vol. 30, No. 4. pp. 1447-1458.
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