Bidirectional associations between binge eating and restriction in anorexia nervosa. An ecological momentary assessment study

Kyle P. De Young, Jason M. Lavender, Ross D. Crosby, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Scott G. Engel, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson, Daniel Le Grange

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the association between restrictive eating behaviors and binge eating in anorexia nervosa (AN) using data collected in the natural environment. Women (N = 118) with DSM-IV full or subthreshold AN reported eating disorder behaviors, including binge eating episodes, going ≥ 8 waking hours without eating, and skipping meals, during 2 weeks of ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Time-lagged generalized estimating equations tested the following hypotheses: 1) dietary restriction would predict binge eating while controlling for binge eating the previous day; 2) binge eating would predict restriction the subsequent day while controlling for restriction the previous day. After controlling for relevant covariates, the hypotheses were not supported; however, there appeared to be a cumulative effect of repeatedly going 8 consecutive hours without eating (i.e. fasting) on the risk of binge eating among individuals who recently engaged in binge eating. In addition, skipping meals was associated with a lower risk of same day binge eating. The relationship between binge eating and dietary restriction appears to be complex and may vary by type of restrictive eating behavior. Future research should aim to further clarify the nature of the interaction of binge eating and restrictive eating among individuals with AN in order to effectively eliminate these behaviors in treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalAppetite
Volume83
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Binge eating
  • Restriction

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    De Young, K. P., Lavender, J. M., Crosby, R. D., Wonderlich, S. A., Engel, S. G., Mitchell, J. E., Crow, S. J., Peterson, C. B., & Le Grange, D. (2014). Bidirectional associations between binge eating and restriction in anorexia nervosa. An ecological momentary assessment study. Appetite, 83, 69-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.08.014